Ramayanam is the first poem by first sage, Valmiki event based on “Crane bird”. Once he went to river Tamasa to have morning sandhya vandanam. A heron couple was engaged in love-play near the bank. Suddenly a sharp arrow pierced the chest of the male bird which fell bleeding near the feet of the hermit. Filled with anguish, the hermit uttered a curse at this cruel act of the hunter which was spontaneously poetic.
“Maa Nishada Pratistham Tvamagamahsaasvati Samaa
Yat Kraunchamithunaadekam Avadhi Kaamamohitam”
“You have killed one of the love-smitten pair, O! Hunter. You will not prosper for years to come!” He declared. The curse was poetic and metrical. The hermit, who was an illiterate hunter himself earlier, had undergone a change of heart and engaged in severe penance and study, over years. Now this heart-rending scene before his very eyes made way for the spontaneous poetic expression.
This was started as a story to the two kids namely, “Lava and kusha” who were in the ashram without knowing the clue of why they are living with sage. Even the sage did not notice why the same grief incident which happened to two Cranes is coming as a story for kids. “Krauncha” is a Sanskrit word, means Heron in English. Crane in English is Baka in Hindi. This eventually can be practiced by using the palms as the base which is “Baka dhyanasana”. Heron is considered to be the symbol of happiness and long life in Asia, Japanese, Korean and Chinese mythology. Ramayanam is called “Ramakien” in Thailand, “Serat” in Indonesia, “Hikayat Seri Rama” in Malaysia, “Yama Pwe” in Myanmar and “Maharadia Lawana” in the Philippines. Bakasana or Crane pose which is a preparatory pose for Krounchasana, an advance pose with the extended head and straight elbows. The lifespan of a crane is 20-30 years and Heron is 15 years and Heron is 80 years as per updated information.
Base of Support: between the two palms.
Fixation: Knees against arms
Breathe hold: Mild Uddiyana (Abdominal lock) and moola bandha (Root lock)
Physiology: The inversion of 3/4th of the body in Bakasana will train the peripheral circulation. Later taking balance onto the palms in Baka dhyanasana will increase the central circulation, Immunity and free movements of lung and heart within wider and fixed ribcage. These must be the reason for the long lifespan of Crane and Heron. Scriptures says, Crane pose stimulates “Swadhishtana or Manipura chakra” and Baka dhyanasana stimulates “Anahata Chakra”.